This is a view of the canadian city Toronto. Canada is located directly above the United States. The country has only had 23 prime ministers and is 149 years old.Canada is a developed country and has the 10th nominal per capita income globally, and the 9th ranking in the HDI (Human Development Index). on July 1, 1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia joined to form the autonomous federal Dominion of Canada. This day is also known as Canada Day.